TOEICに出てくる単語をCEFRで分類してみた (その2)(公式問題集8 TEST1 Part7)

前回に続き、今回はTOEIC公式問題集のリーディング・パート、特にPart7で使われている語彙のレベルをCEFRで分類してみました。

リスニング・パートとリーディング・パートで使われている語彙レベルがどれくらい違うのかを知りたいと考えています。TOEIC公式問題集のリスニング・パート、特にPart3, 4で使われている語彙のレベルをCEFRで分類した結果は下の前回の記事のリンクを参照してください。

TOEICに出てくる単語をCEFRで分類してみた(公式問題集8 TEST1 Part3,4)

TOEICとはどういう試験なのか、スコアごとに英検やTOEFL、IELTSなどとの比較やこなせる業務などが説明されています。 外国の大学院を目指しているわけでもなく、海外業務…

前置き

前回のブログ記事の繰り返しになりますが、調査の動機、目的を書いておきます。

TOEICとはどういう試験なのか、スコアごとに英検やTOEFL、IELTSなどとの比較やこなせる業務などが説明されています。

例えば、TOEIC730以上で「どんな状況でも適切なコミュニケーションができる素地を備えている」などと説明されていますが、「できる素地」ってどういうことだろう、「どんな状況でも」って本当?って感じるのです。

外国の大学院を目指しているわけでもなく、海外業務の経験もない僕としては、今一つピンとこないので、今回はTOEICで出てくる単語をオックスフォード5000と照らし合わせてCEFRで分類してみました。

日頃、Youtube動画をCEFRで分類しているので、大人向け、低年齢層向けといった対象年齢、旅行記などの日常から科学・歴史といったジャンルごとにレベル感がなんとなく掴めています。

これらと比較することで 、よりTOEICのレベル感を具体的に感じ取るのが目的です。

調査対象

今回は最新のTOEIC公式問題集8の2回分の模試の中から、TEST1のリーディング・セクションのPART7を対象としました。

続けて文法問題のPART5とPART6もCEFRで分類してみるつもりですが、模試全体ではなくてパート別にした目的は、それぞれのパート別に出題意図が異なるため、それに伴って難度も変えられているのではないかと考えたからです。

また、パート別に攻略法が語られることが多いと思いますので、今回のCEFR分類が攻略法の助けになれば良いなとも考えています。

オックスフォード3000と5000

簡単にオックスフォード3000と5000 についてですが、CEFRに従ってコーパスを元に研究・開発された英単語リストで、オックスフォード3000の3,000単語はCEFR A1からB2レベル、これにさらに2,000語追加したオックスフォード5000はCEFR B2-C1レベルとされています。

結果

この動画の中で使われている単語はオックスフォード5000の5千語で96%網羅されていました。前回実施したリスニング・パート(Part3,4)の97%とほぼ同等です。

またオックスフォード5000で網羅されない残りの4%は数でいうと86単語でした。

さらに詳しく見ると、CEFR B1レベルで91%、B2レベルで96%網羅されていることが分かりました。

使用されている単語数2655words
Oxford 5000 の以外の単語
(Unclassified)
86 words
総センテンス数240 センテンス
平均語数(1センテンス当たり)12.2 words
CEFR levelNumber of words% of total累積%
A11956 単語74%74%
A2318 単語12%86%
B1142 単語5%91%
B2120 単語5%96%
C133 単語1%97%
Unclassified86 単語3%100%
合計2655 単語  

考察 TOEICとCEFRの関係

前回調べたリスニング・パート(Part3, 4)と今回の結果を、CEFRの分類で比較してみたのが下のグラフです。

リーディング・パート(Part7)の方が、A1レベルの構成比が5%ほど低下していますが、A2以上のレベルについてはほとんど同じような構成になっています。

他の公式問題集や韓国で出版されている過去問などを使って確認しなければ確実なことは言えませんが、もしかすると、このCEFRで分類した時のバランスというか構成比は意図的に作られているのかもしれません

CEFR levelPart7
累積%
Part3, 4
累積%
A174%79%
A286%87%
B191%92%
B296%96%
C197%97%
Unclassified100%100%
合計  

もし仮にTOEICの問題製作会社ETSが意図的に語彙レベルを今回のように厳守して問題を作成しているのであれば、学習方法にも関係するかもしれません。

例えば、リスニング400点、リーディング385点でB2レベルに差し掛かったばかりの学習者の場合、毎回5%しか出てこない単語がB2レベル攻略(C1レベル:リスニングパート490点以上)の鍵なのかもしれません。

今回調査した模試1回の中で200個のCEFRでB2レベルの単語が使われていました。(リスニングパートで120語、リーディングパートで79語)

CEFRでB2レベルの単語 は全部で約2,800個あります。

公式問題集1冊をきっちりやりきることの必要性が良く言われますが、TOEICでこれらCEFRのB2レベルの単語が均等に(?)万遍なく(?)出てくると仮定すると、例えば力技で行くならば模試15~20回分(2,800語÷200=14、約15回分)くらいをやりきる必要があるかもしれません。スタディサプリEnglishのTOEIC ® L&R TEST対策コースが模試20回分を収録しているのも納得できるような。

他に効率的にやるならば、B2レベルの動詞に着目して、その動詞の使われ方、例えば目的語や前置詞などもセットで脊髄反射で反応できるようにトレーニングするのも良いような気がします。

もちろん、語彙のレベルが問題の難度に直結するわけではありませんが。。

その他の考察としては前回のリスニング・パートとまったく同じになりますので、今回は省略します。

なお、1センテンス当たりの平均語数は12.2単語で、リスニングパート(Part3,4)の10.3単語より若干長くなっていました。

TOEICで使われていた単語のリスト

以下にオックスフォード5000の分類に従って、動画内で使われている単語を載せておきます。(地名などの固有名詞や数字、%などの記号は除外してあります)

Unclassified

adjustable
affiliated
alternate
arranged―camera
asphalt
attendees
authentication
bakery
bantered
batch
brettlow
brochures
buffet
calendar
citrus
commensurate
comparatively
confidentiality
creatively
cubic
customized
digit
dispenser
driveway
elevator
environmentally
experimentation
familiarity
fashioned
gala
haircut
hallway
housekeeping
hub
hyperlink
inaccurate
inexpensive
invalid
jerseys
kenfarpackaging
keynote
kilos
landfills
leakage
liner
longtime
mesh
moderator
moisture
multi
novelty
omnitechreview
others
outdated
outgoing
overflow
overhead
peanuts
pests
pitcher
promotional
proudly
quirks
refrigerator
remodeling
renovation
reopening
repaving
resurface
reusable
reused
revolutionize
résumé
safeguards
sized
smoothly
spillage
stafflist
stairway
stint
stylish
supervisory
th
ventilation
verification
writerslooking

OPAL written words

abilities
acceptable
access
account
Accounting
accounts
act
active
adaptation
Addition
additional
Additionally
address
adjust
adjustment
agricultural
allow
allows
Animal
application
applications
applying
area
areas
arrangements
articles
Associates
author
available
Available
Base
based
benefits
between
broad
can
Can
capacity
causes
center
century
certain
challenging
code
combined
communication
communications
community
confirm
connect
Consequently
consider
construction
contact
contained
convention
coordinate
correct
Create
created
current
currently
data
degree
Designed
devices
differently
digital
Digital
directly
Distribution
due
duration
during
During
educational
effectively
efficient
efficiently
energy
entry
environment
error
event
example
Exchange
exist
exists
expand
expected
experience
experiences
Expertise
explained
fact
Factor
factor
feature
FEATURES
features
flexibility
Form
form
forms
function
further
gain
group
Group
growth
high
highly
However
implemented
implementing
improve
include
included
includes
including
indicating
information
instructions
interact
interactive
interviewing
key
labels
languages
Large
large
largely
less
level
limited
line
link
list
local
located
location
locations
Low
main
many
Many
materials
May
may
member
members
might
mobile
Model
model
Modern
most
Multiple
must
need
needs
new
New
note
number
Number
offer
offering
offers
online
order
organize
original
other
overall
percent
performance
period
phase
position
positions
positive
present
prevent
prevents
process
Produce
produced
product
products
professional
professionals
Project
project
Provide
providing
public
quality
quantities
question
questions
rapid
ratings
reason
recent
recently
recognition
recognizes
recommend
reduce
reducing
Reference
references
Regards
region
related
release
reliability
reliable
reliance
replace
replaced
report
required
requiring
research
respond
responsible
Review
right
role
safety
samples
satisfied
service
services
set
shifts
should
simple
site
size
Society
software
Solutions
solutions
space
spaces
specialist
standard
stimulating
stock
store
Store
Subject
subject
such
suitable
supply
support
Systems
technology
Technology
text
topics
training
trends
Type
TYPES
undergoes
upper
use
uses
using
Valid
variety
viewer
wide
Wide
within

C1 Oxford 5000

adaptation
adjustment
agricultural
Arena
arena
bulk
catered
configurations
coordinate
defect
flexibility
interactive
listings
lobby
log
logged
maintenance
Marketplace
MEMO
patrons
profitable
recipients
reliability
renowned
storage
supervisor
transit
tribute
Upcoming

B2 Oxford 5000 excluding Oxford 3000

accidentally
accommodate
activated
Additionally
adjust
Attachment
bold
clerk
Consequently
convention
deadline
downtown
duration
efficiently
envelopes
Expertise
fabric
headquarters
implemented
implementing
Innovative
interact
journalism
lanes
logo
nearby
operators
patience
prohibited
ratings
recognition
Rob's
skilled
stimulating
undergoes
Valid

B2 Oxford 3000

acceptable
Accounting
additional
advance
anniversary
Associates
attempted
broad
broadcast
capacity
challenging
construction
corporate
delivery
discounted
Display
Distribution
dozen
edit
efficient
enthusiastic
Executive
fee
feedback
former
gain
impressed
Industrial
inquiry
largely
loaded
lowering
Multiple
numerous
obey
Opponent
overall
Packaging
packaging
PACKAGING
phase
plain
pricing
Pricing
professionals
purchase
purchased
rapid
Regards
register
remarked
reserve
rewarding
Rush
satellite
satisfied
scheduled
secures
sessions
somewhat
specialist
stock
upper
urged
urging
valued
zone

B1 Oxford 3000

access
account
accounts
Addition
advanced
announcement
application
applications
assist
attached
baked
Base
block
blocks
candidate
candidates
ceiling
celebration
charge
combined
communication
communications
Competitive
confirm
contact
convenient
current
currently
despite
directly
due
edge
Editor
editor
educational
effectively
entertainment
entrance
entry
Exchange
expand
function
generous
Giants
Grains
growth
highly
hired
hiring
indicating
indoor
labels
length
limited
located
location
locations
management
official
payment
performance
property
proud
quoting
Reference
references
related
release
reliable
remain
required
requiring
reservations
responsible
robot
safety
samples
Seeds
seriously
set
setting
shifts
smart
software
staff
Staff
standard
suitable
supply
supporter
switch
Tails
tape
Though
throughout
trends
unable
unlike
update
Update
updates
updating
viewer
volunteers
within
wonder

A2 Oxford 3000

abilities
able
act
active
actually
against
allow
allows
alone
along
already
applying
apps
arrangements
Assistant
audience
author
available
Available
based
Basketball
basketball
Beans
beans
Bears
benefits
board
boards
booked
bridge
carefully
causes
celebrate
certain
chance
code
community
completely
conference
connect
consider
contained
continue
copies
cover
cross
Daily
data
definitely
degree
devices
differently
digital
Digital
Earth
easily
employee
Employee
employees
Employees
energy
enter
entered
environment
error
Excellent
exist
exists
expected
experience
experiences
Factor
factor
farming
feature
FEATURES
features
Feed
fixed
Fortunately
forward
fresh
fridge
goods
height
Helpful
helpful
hold
immediately
industry
industry's
instructions
invited
jazz
jokes
kids
Lake
lamps
leads
least
less
level
lifestyle
lighting
link
Low
mail
Manager
marked
materials
May
may
memory
mention
might
mobile
myself
nearly
noisier
noisy
Notice
noticed
Nuts
offer
offering
offers
organize
original
pass
Passengers
passengers
percent
plastics
platforms
pleased
position
positions
prevent
prevents
printed
process
Produce
produced
professional
Provide
providing
public
published
quality
quantities
realized
Receive
receive
received
recent
recently
recipes
recognizes
recommend
recycled
reduce
reducing
region
regular
replace
replaced
reporter
Reporter
research
respond
Review
role
salary
sale
saving
schedule
screen
seats
seem
service
services
shut
side
Signed
signs
simple
since
site
size
Society
Solutions
solutions
speaker
step
store
Store
store's
such
support
Systems
technology
Technology
top
touching
training
Unfortunately
Valley
variety
voice
Web
While
while
wide
Wide

A1 Oxford 3000

A
a
about
About
across
address
after
After
again
ago
agreed
all
All
also
Also
always
am
an
and
And
Animal
another
answer
any
anyone
April
are
area
areas
around
arrives
Art
articles
as
As
ask
at
At
August
away
back
bag
BAG
bags
Bags
be
because
becomes
been
before
began
begin
Beginning
being
best
between
Blue
books
both
Bread
breaking
built
bus
business
businesses
but
But
buy
by
By
call
can
Can
career
Cat
center
century
chairs
check
children
Children's
children's
city
City
closed
Coffee
coffee
cold
colors
company
Company
company's
complete
completed
Completed
correct
costs
Could
could
Create
created
Customer
customers
cutting
Date
daughter's
day
days
Dear
December
Designed
desk
desks
did
dinner
Do
do
does
doesn't
done
during
During
E-mail
each
easier
else
ending
enjoyed
enough
evening
event
Every
every
Everyone
everyone
everything
example
explained
extra
Extra
fact
fall
families
Family
family
Farmers
February
Feel
feet
few
Fill
filling
finished
first
Five
food
For
for
Form
form
forms
found
free
friendly
From
from
front
fruits
full
further
game
games
get
Get
going
gone
Good
group
Group
growing
had
half
Happy
happy
has
have
he
He
hear
hearing
Hello
help
Help
her
here
Hi
high
his
home
Home
Hot
Hotel
hours
house
how
However
husband
I
I'm
ice
idea
if
If
improve
in
In
include
included
includes
including
information
Interested
interested
interesting
Internet
interviewing
into
is
Is
It
it
IT
It's
its
job
Job
Jobs
Join
join
July
June
just
Just
keeps
key
kitchen
know
languages
Large
large
last
latest
laughing
learn
learned
leaving
left
let
Let's
letter
life
lights
like
likes
line
list
live
local
long
longer
look
looking
lunch
made
Magazine
main
make
makes
making
many
Many
March
me
meals
mean
meet
Meet
meets
member
members
message
metres
million
minute
minutes
Model
model
Modern
Monday
month
months
more
morning
most
moved
much
Museum
must
my
My
Name
name
names
near
need
needed
needs
new
New
News
news
next
night
no
north
North
not
note
November
now
number
Number
October
of
off
office
Office
offices
Oh
OK
old
on
Once
once
one
onions
online
only
open
opening
or
order
other
our
Our
out
OUT
outside
over
pay
people
People
People's
period
person
phone
place
plan
planning
Please
please
popular
positive
post
posted
potatoes
preferred
prepared
present
price
prices
product
products
Project
project
question
questions
quick
readers
ready
reason
remember
report
restaurants
return
returned
right
road
Road
rooms
run
same
Saturday
Saturday's
School
see
See
sent
September
she
She
shopping
shops
should
sitting
six
so
So
sold
SOLD
some
Some
soon
Sound
south
space
spaces
speak
speaks
special
SPECIAL
spending
stand
standing
start
Station
station
stay
still
stories
Street
streets
styles
Subject
subject
Sure
take
takes
taking
talk
Talking
teacher
Team
team
teams
telling
text
than
Thank
thank
that
that's
the
The
their
them
then
there
these
These
they
they'll
think
thinks
this
This
those
thought
three
through
Thursday
Ticket
ticket
Tickets
tickets
time
times
to
To
told
tomorrow
topics
Town
Train
train
trip
try
trying
turned
two
Type
TYPES
University
until
Until
up
us
use
uses
using
video
visit
waiting
walk
want
wanted
was
watch
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way
we
We
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Wednesday
week
weeks
well
were
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When
when
who
why
will
with
wonderful
work
worked
workers
would
Would
write
Writers
writing
year
years
yellow
Yes
yes
You
you
young
your
Your

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